Lebanon’s Cedar of Truth
A seed of truth
has sprouted in Lebanon. Its tender green shoot holds promise of a towering cedar that can be seen from
afar. The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) has recently exposed to the world chronic Zionist
piracy against Lebanon’s phone system. The vast implications of this discovery will take the quest
for truth, justice and peace to the bar and bench of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL), an international body charged
with identifying and prosecuting those responsible for the high tech assassinations of Lebanese statesman Rafiq Hariri and
members of his entourage on 14 February 2005 in Beirut.
Right after the powerful blast, which left a huge crater with edges beveling outward from bottom to top, and which,
according to recent reports out of Russia, melted Hariri’s gold watch but left his shirt collar in pristine condition,
and also left radiation traces on a survivor who had been rushed to a hospital in France, President George W. Bush quickly
pointed a finger of blame, took punitive measures against the accused and then pushed hard for creation of the international
independent investigation and tribunal. But the hollow first fruits of these basely politically motivated
maneuvers were finally made manifest by the 29 April 2009 release of four Lebanese generals each of whom had endured four
years of imprisonment at the Hague despite lack of any evidence or charges against them.
resultant issue of the false witnesses and their enablers who caused this miscarriage of justice burns inside Lebanon and,
according to the plan of the Praxis of Evil, threatens its stability. The dispute over this issue of the
false witnesses, who apparently misled the probe into the assassination and whom the STL still treats with impunity, has divided
the national unity cabinet. Prime Minister Hariri, fervently intent on bringing to justice his father’s
murderers, is equally committed to preventing another civil war.
The USA’s hard ball politics, however, tarnishes
the image of the STL and undermines its credibility. As rumors abound of an imminent indictment, one hopes
for calm to prevail in Lebanon. One also expects the STL will weigh and consider the ITU’s pronouncement
of large scale Zionist infiltration of Lebanon’s telecommunications system for the purpose of espionage.
These spy operations may very well have supported the attack on the heart of Lebanon. Zionists had
motive, means and opportunity to do this.
The STL would do well in this regard to walk in the shoes
of Edward Felt, who locked himself in the toilet at the rear of United Airlines Flight 93 to escape terrorist hijackers on
the morning of 11 September 2001. Emergency operator John Shaw took Felt’s call. Shaw
said Felt said he was on his cell phone. The problem in this case is that a completed cell phone call is
technically impossible from a jet at high speed and at high altitude. Moreover, since air phones are not
installed inside toilets on jets, it is impossible to confuse Felt’s alleged cell phone call with an air phone call.
The only logical explanation is that John Shaw heard an impersonation of Edward Felt. And on this
point alone – and this is just the tip of the iceberg - the whole official story of 9/11 must be rejected.
9/11 looks more and more like a “shock and awe” crime than a “terrorist” crime.
And the Hariri assassination looks like a “shock and awe” crime too.
more aggressive form of espionage than wiretapping for eavesdropping and other types of data collection has long been part
of the repertoire of clandestine intelligence operations; namely, real time digital voice morphing. By
recording the target’s voice and installing his or her “voice print” into the software program, a very convincing
impersonation can be made. For instance, after the necessary technical preparation, the great Lebanese
female singer Farouz could pick up a telephone and sound exactly like Syrian President Bashar Al Asad. Or,
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, with a smattering of Arabic, could make his telephonic interlocutor believe Farouz
is on the line if he kept the call very short. The possibilities for diabolical deception are virtually
limitless, and if telecommunications evidence is the pillar of the anticipated indictment in the Hariri case, the STL should
reconsider the limited value of such circumstantial evidence so that the investigation can turn in another direction and put
the Zionists under proper scrutiny.
The people of the USA have had their information jugular cut and labor under strong
delusion about 9/11 and the Realpolitik of the Middle East. But with patience the Lebanese can
give stultified Americans a view from their tall cedar of experience and teach them that their problems are essentially the
same. An international independent investigation of 9/11 will undoubtedly take the lessons learned by the
Lebanese to new heights with scrutiny of Zionist espionage in the USA through telecom entities such as Amdocs, Comverse, Odigo
and Ptech in the years, months, days and hours leading to 9/11.
As Americans finally learn to reject the psychopathic Zionist
Neoconservative ideology and its action plans, then their heavy metal meddling in Lebanon’s internal affairs will stop.
Six decades after President Harry Truman tied the destiny of the USA to the terrorist Irgun Zvai Leumi and Stern Gang,
Americans will reclaim their freedom, their security, their ideals and their self respect.
M. St. John 2010
Stephen M. St. John
(Texts and links are provided.)
Points Bring Down STL Legality
8 December 2010
infiltrating Lebanon’s phone network
The Daily Star
24 November 2010
Israel Is Spying In and On the United States?
News: Carl Cameron Investigates, Part I of IV
12 December 2001
Israel Is Spying In and On the United States?
Fox News: Carl Cameron Investigates, Part II of IV
Israel Is Spying In and On the United States?
Fox News Carl Cameron Investigates,
Part III of IV
Israel Is Spying In and On the United States?
Fox News Carl Cameron Investigates,
Part IV of IV
When Seeing and Hearing Isn’t Believing
1 February 1999
Other recommended reading:
Russian magazine Odnako on
Al-Manar News :
Seven Points bring down STL Legality
08/12/2010 “We are not asking the other camp anything, because they know their duties.
We have presented what we have and those who listened and are listening ought to understand what they want,” Hezbollah
MP Mohamad Raad said at the end of a press conference Wednesday on the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL), its constitutional
flaws, and politicization.
In his introduction, Raad stressed the STL was politicized and did not observe
the ‘highest international standards of criminal justice” as its mandate stipulated. He cited seven crucial flaws
to support and prove the notion.
“Transgressing the Lebanese constitution, establishing the tribunal
with disregard to the will and interest of the Lebanese people, disavowing its jurisdiction to try false witnesses, violating
the confidentiality of the investigation, equivocally altering procedural regulations and rules, trespassing its specialty
vis-à-vis requesting telecommunications data of the whole Lebanese people and regularly updating it, thus exposing
the country to various intelligence bodies, and finally declaring the indictment would rely on circumstantial evidence that
lack substantiative value,” MP Raad explained.
He also warned that the STL would become a crossing
to ‘international guardianships’ on Lebanon, its stability, security, and sovereignty.”
The outset of the tribunal, the MP added, was a ‘clear circumvention of the Lebanese law and transgression of the
country’s sovereignty, with the encouragement of the international community to the then unconstitutional government
(of Fouad Saniora) to practice a fait accompli authority, all to serve bigger policies.”
MP Raad was Dr. Selim Jreissati, a Lebanese judge and former member of the Lebanese Constitutional Council. Dr. Jreissati
explained the legal and constitutional flaws of the STL.
(I) TRANSGRESSING LEBANESE CONSTITUTION
The agreement between the United Nations and
the state of Lebanon is an international covenant that stipulates the signature of the president of the republic and the endorsement
of the parliament; however, this was not the case with the STL.
“The establishment of the tribunal through UNSCR 1757
overstepped the authority of the president of the Lebanese republic (Emile Lahoud) and the constitution of Lebanon. It
adopted a resolution by Fouad Saniora’s government that claimed that the majority in parliament supported the court;
this is substantive forgery because the parliament never convened and never voted,” Jreissati said.
(II) FALSE WITNESSES
MP Raad underlined how the STL disavowed its
jurisdiction to prosecute false witnesses, knowing that “article 28 of resolution 1757 annex stipulates that the court
will adopt the highest standards with regards to criminal (penal) justice.”
Raad accused Bellemare’s legal team of
seeking legal opinions to justify the court’s refusal to prosecute the false witnesses, at a time “they should
have sought justifications to pursue them.”
For his part, Judge Jreissati confirmed that the STL
had deliberately dropped the testimonies of the false witnesses “under the pretext of being given before the STL’s
procedural regulations were put into effect.”
Worth mentioning, the testimonies of the false witnesses
put the country on the brink of civil war and put behind bars, for four years, four top security generals on charges of involvement
in the Hariri assassination; charges that turned out to be baseless.
the confidentiality of the investigation annuls the probe,” Dr. Jreissati said after MP Raad highlighted leaks to the
press and official statements pertaining to the investigation.
“There were leaks to the Kuwaiti
daily Assiyassa on the 21st of May 2005, France’s Le Figaro on the 19th of August, 2006, Assiyassa again on the 28th
of March 2009, Germany’s Der Spiegel on the 23rd of May 2009, the Saudi Website Elaph on the 8th of July 2009, France’s
Le Monde on the 14th of February 2010, and most recently Canada’s CBC channel, and they all appear to have been taken
from close sources to the international investigation,” said Raad.
The Hezbollah MP concluded that the
leaks were intentionally brought out by members of the international investigation team with the aim of fabricating lies and
libeling the resistance, irrespective of the indictment’s time of issuance and content. “This is also how the
STL did not observe the highest international standards of criminal justice.”
SUSPICIONS AROUND RULES OF PROCEDURES AND EVIDENCE
MP Raad pointed out that the mandate of the STL ‘which was imposed on Lebanon
based on UNSCR 1757 and under Chapter Seven of the UN Charter’ gives STL judges free reign to alter the rules of procedures
and evidence as they see fit. “This contradicts with the principle of the observed regulations’ stability. The
amendments, according to item 5 of the Rules of Procedures and Evidence, are possible with 7 votes of the 11 judges, thus
marginalizing the Lebanese role since the number of Lebanese judges is only four, which renders them incapable of forcing
or stopping any procedural amendments.”
(V) REQUEST OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS DATA AND
Jreissati supported MP Raad’s comments adding that “suspicion starts when court judges put their own rules of
procedures and evidence and then amend them.”
“The Rules of Procedures and Evidence allow investigators
to interrogate witnesses in a secret fashion with the absence of prosecution and defense representatives. They also give the
court the right to reserve secret security information. This raises a critical question: What
if Israel’s intelligence were the source of information?”
MP Raad also revealed that the general
prosecutor’s office has been requesting complete telecom data from various security and governmental bodies in Lebanon.
“The target is the constantly-updated mobile phone and text messages data of a wide section of the
Lebanese people. What is the need of this data about the whole Lebanese people dating back to 2003 and
not ending in 2010, five years after the assassination? This is an extremely dangerous matter because the
general prosecutor’s team comprises of people from different nationalities, including American, British, German, French,
Australian, Pakistani, and Kazakh; this means that it is not known who is really taking advantage of this data.”
Last month, Telecommunications Minister Charbel Nahhas held a lengthy press conference and explained, in technical
details and pictures, how the Lebanese telecom sector has been under Israel’s control for years. At
least three Israeli Mossad agents working in the telecom sector have been recently nabbed by security forces, and they admitted
to facilitating Israel’s full control of it, including cloning cellular phone numbers and doctoring phone calls and
“There is absolutely nothing in the signed memos with the STL that imposes upon the
government to deliver telecom data to the court,” Judge Jreissati said.
ADOPTING CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE
Dr. Jreissati stressed direct evidence were the most credible in any court and are fully in line
with the high standards of criminal justice. “The telecom data is considered circumstantial and can
be refuted. It is in the lowest levels of criminal justice standards,” he said.
to STL president Antonio Cassese, solid evidence are usually not available in cases related to terrorism since it is hard
to find them. This was also Bellemare’s opinion. This trend has made Lebanon, which has not seen internal stability
since 2005, a field of experimentation and legal heresy.”
“In the system I come from, circumstantial
evidence is a number of little facts that, when you look at them on their own, they might mean nothing. But
when you put them together, then the whole picture becomes irrefutable […] I am strongly of the view that circumstantial
evidence is more powerful than direct evidence,” Daniel Bellemare told Now Lebanon Website August 31, 2010.
A couple of months ago, Hezbollah S.G. Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah presented video footage proving Israeli UAVs monitoring,
on different occasions, ground zero where Hariri was killed. Israel acknowledged the authenticity of the footage.
However, “Bellemare said in a statement on the 24th of August, 2010, that Hezbollah’s indications about Israel’s
possible involvement in the assassination of Hariri were incomplete. This proves that the international investigation had
use circumstantial evidence in a very selective manner and consequently overlooked the high standards of criminal justice,”
MP Raad stressed.
(VII) THE EVIDENTIAL VALUE OF THE TELECOM EVIDENCE
circles have confirmed that the telecommunications evidence was the pillar of the anticipated indictment, and this explains
the STL’s persistence in defending circumstantial evidence,” MP Raad said.
for his part explained that circumstantial evidence can be exposed to falsifications which render them invalid from the legal
point of view.
MP Raad concluded the press conference saying: “A politicized court that is not committed
to the high standards of criminal justice, transgressed the Lebanese constitution, established by and for international interests,
disavowed its jurisdiction to try false witnesses, breached the confidentiality of the investigation, suspiciously amended
its procedural rules, trespassed its mandate and sought after data, and adopted incomplete circumstantial evidence, is a court
that we don’t expect justice from.”
Israel ‘infiltrating’ Phone Network
The Daily Star
Telecoms officials say technicians found devices used for phone tapping, data manipulation.
Wednesday, November 24, 2010
BEIRUT: Telecommunications Minister Charbel Nahhas said Tuesday there was proof of Israeli infiltration
into the Lebanese telecommunications network “on a large scale.”
“Everybody knows that modern telecommunications technology … is exposed
to infiltration in different ways in order reach specified results,” Nahhas told a news conference held in Beirut.
Nahhas said that the telecommunications sector in Lebanon should
not be seen as a mere commercial sector “in a country that is confronting the aggressiveness of a state reported to
be one of the most advanced countries in telecommunication techniques, decoding and the protection of systems.”
Nahhas said it was the duty of the state to deal with the sector
as “commercial and economic first, taxable and monopolistic second, and we should add technical and security.”
Nahhas touched on the recent endorsement
of Resolution 75 by the International Telecommunication Union, condemning Israeli violations of Lebanon’s telecommunications
MP Hassan Fadlallah, a Hizbullah official,
and chairman of Pariament’s Telecommunications Committee, was at the conference, along with the acting head of the Telecommunications
Regulatory Authority (TRA), Imad Hoballah.
The move is a clear attempt to discredit an impending indictment by the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, which media reports
have said would rely on telecommunications data in implicating members of Hizbullah in the killing of former Prime Minister
Nahhas said the information that was presented
in the news conference was collected in detail by the ministry in cooperation with Hoballah and specialized technicians from
The group of technicians, with the help
of specialized teams, also analyzed information available at companies operating Lebanese telecommunication networks, Nahhas
the “chaos in distributing passwords and the absence of any criteria based upon which the prerogatives of workers in
the telecommunications sector are determined.”
The TRA official disclosed that Israel
had erected devices along the Lebanese-Israeli border capable of penetrating the Lebanese telecommunications network, along
with other devices that could gather information about the network.
noted that Israel hacked into the network by implanting devices in the network that allowed it to manipulate data.
While noting that penetrating the network could take place
via different means, Hoballah said Lebanese detained on charges of collaborating with Israel played a major role in facilitating
Fadlallah explained how Adib Alam, a Lebanese
who was arrested by the Lebanese authorities earlier on charges of collaborating with Israel, had provided Israeli authorities
with the password of the sim cards of three members from Hizbullah.
He added that the information passed to the Israelis enabled them to implant a second line which allowed
them to tap the Hizbullah fighters and listen to all their conversations, even when their cell phones were closed.
Fadlallah said that Tarek Rabaa, another Lebanese detainee
charged with collaborating with Israel, had confessed that he presented detailed information about the designs and telecommunication
networks of ALFA, one of two telecommunication companies in Lebanon. Rabaa was an employee of ALFA.
According to Fadlallah, Rabaa informed Israeli intelligence
services of ALFA’s plans to rebuild antennae destroyed by Israel during its 2006 war on Lebanon.
Fadlallah said the issue of Israeli infiltration of the telecommunications
network was a national one that has to do with national security.
“This is an issue that has to do with … the security of various political parties,”
While praising the collection of information
as an “achievement for Lebanon,” Fadlallah said the information revealed “a bitter truth that demonstrates
the absence of security, safety and freedom of our telecommunications sector.”
Israel Is Spying In And On The United States?
Fox News: Carl
Part 1 of 4
Wednesday 12 December 2001
HUME, HOST: It has been more than 16 years since a civilian working for the Navy was charged with passing secrets to Israel.
Jonathan Pollard pled guilty to conspiracy to commit espionage and is serving a life sentence. At first, Israeli leaders claimed
Pollard was part of a rogue operation, but later took responsibility for his work.
Now Fox News has learned
some U.S. investigators believe that there are Israelis again very much engaged in spying in and on the U.S., who may have
known things they didn't tell us before September 11. Fox News correspondent Carl Cameron has details in the first of a four-part
CARL CAMERON, FOX NEWS CORRESPONDENT: Since September 11,
more than 60 Israelis have been arrested or detained, either under the new patriot anti-terrorism law, or for immigration
violations. A handful of active Israeli military were among those detained, according to investigators, who say some of the
detainees also failed polygraph questions when asked about alleged surveillance activities against and in the United States.
There is no indication that the Israelis were involved in the 9-11 attacks, but investigators suspect that they
Israelis may have gathered intelligence about the attacks in advance, and not shared it. A highly placed investigator said
there are "tie-ins." But when asked for details, he flatly refused to describe them, saying, "evidence linking
these Israelis to 9-11 is classified. I cannot tell you about evidence that has been gathered. It's classified information."
Fox News has learned that one group of Israelis, spotted in North Carolina recently, is suspected of keeping an
apartment in California to spy on a group of Arabs who the United States is also investigating for links to terrorism. Numerous
classified documents obtained by Fox News indicate that even prior to September 11, as many as 140 other Israelis had been
detained or arrested in a secretive and sprawling investigation into suspected espionage by Israelis in the United States.
Investigators from numerous government agencies are part of a working group that's been compiling evidence since
the mid '90s. These documents detail hundreds of incidents in cities and towns across the country that investigators say,
"may well be an organized intelligence gathering activity."
The first part of the investigation
focuses on Israelis who say they are art students from the University of Jerusalem and Bazala Academy. They repeatedly made
contact with U.S. government personnel, the report says, by saying they wanted to sell cheap art or handiwork.
Documents say they, "targeted and penetrated military bases." The DEA, FBI and dozens of government facilities,
and even secret offices and unlisted private homes of law enforcement and intelligence personnel. The majority of those questioned,
"stated they served in military intelligence, electronic surveillance intercept and or explosive ordinance units."
Another part of the investigation has resulted in the detention and arrests of dozens of Israelis at American mall
kiosks, where they've been selling toys called Puzzle Car and Zoom Copter. Investigators suspect a front.
Shortly after The New York Times and Washington Post reported the Israeli detentions last months, the carts began vanishing.
Zoom Copter's Web page says, "We are aware of the situation caused by thousands of mall carts being closed at the last
minute. This in no way reflects the quality of the toy or its salability. The problem lies in the operators' business policies."
Why would Israelis spy in and on the U.S.? A general accounting office investigation referred to Israel as country
A and said, "According to a U.S. intelligence agency, the government of country A conducts the most aggressive espionage
operations against the U.S. of any U.S. ally."
A defense intelligence report said Israel has a voracious
appetite for information and said, "the Israelis are motivated by strong survival instincts which dictate every possible
facet of their political and economical policies. It aggressively collects military and industrial technology and the U.S.
is a high priority target."
The document concludes: "Israel possesses the resources and technical
capability to achieve its collection objectives."
(END VIDEO CLIP)
for the Israeli embassy here in Washington issued a denial saying that any suggestion that Israelis are spying in or on the
U.S. is "simply not true." There are other things to consider. And in the days ahead, we'll take a look at the U.S.
phone system and law enforcement's methods for wiretaps. And an investigation that both have been compromised by our friends
HUME: Carl, what about this question of advanced knowledge of what was going to happen on 9-11?
How clear are investigators that some Israeli agents may have known something?
CAMERON: It's very explosive
information, obviously, and there's a great deal of evidence that they say they have collected — none of it necessarily
conclusive. It's more when they put it all together. A bigger question, they say, is how could they not have know? Almost
a direct quote.
HUME: Going into the fact that they were spying on some Arabs, right?
HUME: All right, Carl, thanks very much.
Copyright: Fox News
Israel Is Spying In And On
The United States?
Fox News: Carl Cameron Investigates
Part 2 of 4
Thursday 13 December
BRIT HUME, HOST: Last time we reported on the approximately 60 Israelis who had been detained in
connection with the Sept. 11 terrorism investigation. Carl Cameron reported that U.S. investigators suspect that some of these
Israelis were spying on Arabs in this country, and may have turned up information on the planned terrorist attacks back in
September that was not passed on.
Tonight, in the second of four reports on spying by Israelis in the U.S.,
we learn about an Israeli-based private communications company, for whom a half-dozen of those 60 detained suspects worked.
American investigators fear information generated by this firm may have fallen into the wrong hands and had the effect of
impeded the Sept. 11 terror inquiry. Here's Carl Cameron's second report.
CARL CAMERON, FOX NEWS CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Fox News has learned that some American terrorist investigators
fear certain suspects in the Sept. 11 attacks may have managed to stay ahead of them, by knowing who and when investigators
are calling on the telephone. How?
By obtaining and analyzing data that's generated every time someone
in the U.S. makes a call.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: What city and state, please?
Here's how the system works. Most directory assistance calls, and virtually all call records and billing in the U.S. are done
for the phone companies by Amdocs Ltd., an Israeli-based private elecommunications company.
contracts with the 25 biggest phone companies in America, and more worldwide. The White House and other secure government
phone lines are protected, but it is virtually impossible to make a call on normal phones without generating an Amdocs record
In recent years, the FBI and other government agencies have investigated Amdocs more than once.
The firm has repeatedly and adamantly denied any security breaches or wrongdoing. But sources tell Fox News that in 1999,
the super secret national security agency, headquartered in northern Maryland, issued what's called a Top Secret sensitive
compartmentalized information report, TS/SCI, warning that records of calls in the United States were getting into foreign
hands – in Israel, in particular.
Investigators don't believe calls are being listened to, but the
data about who is calling whom and when is plenty valuable in itself. An internal Amdocs memo to senior company executives
suggests just how Amdocs generated call records could be used. “Widespread data mining techniques and algorithms....
combining both the properties of the customer (e.g., credit rating) and properties of the specific ‘behavior….’”
Specific behavior, such as who the customers are calling.
The Amdocs memo says the system should be used
to prevent phone fraud. But U.S. counterintelligence analysts say it could also be used to spy through the phone system. Fox
News has learned that the N.S.A has held numerous classified conferences to warn the F.B.I. and C.I.A. how Amdocs records
could be used. At one NSA briefing, a diagram by the Argon national lab was used to show that if the phone records are not
secure, major security breaches are possible.
Another briefing document said, "It has become increasingly
apparent that systems and networks are vulnerable.…Such crimes always involve unauthorized persons, or persons who
exceed their authorization...citing on exploitable vulnerabilities."
Those vulnerabilities are growing,
because according to another briefing, the U.S. relies too much on foreign companies like Amdocs for high-tech equipment and
software. "Many factors have led to increased dependence on code developed overseas.... We buy rather than train or develop
U.S. intelligence does not believe the Israeli government is involved in a misuse of information,
and Amdocs insists that its data is secure. What U.S. government officials are worried about, however, is the possibility
that Amdocs data could get into the wrong hands, particularly organized crime. And that would not be the first thing that
such a thing has happened. Fox News has documents of a 1997 drug trafficking case in Los Angeles, in which telephone information,
the type that Amdocs collects, was used to "completely compromise the communications of the FBI, the Secret Service,
the DEO and the LAPD."
We'll have that and a lot more in the days ahead – Brit.
HUME: Carl, I want to take you back to your report last night on those 60 Israelis who were detained in the anti-terror
investigation, and the suspicion that some investigators have that they may have picked up information on the 9/11 attacks
ahead of time and not passed it on.
There was a report, you'll recall, that the Mossad, the Israeli intelligence
agency, did indeed send representatives to the U.S. to warn, just before 9/11, that a major terrorist attack was imminent.
How does that leave room for the lack of a warning?
CAMERON: I remember the report, Brit. We did it first
internationally right here on your show on the 14th. What investigators are saying is that that warning from the Mossad was
nonspecific and general, and they believe that it may have had something to do with the desire to protect what are called
sources and methods in the intelligence community. The suspicion being, perhaps those sources and methods were taking place
right here in the United States.
The question came up in select intelligence committee on Capitol Hill
today. They intend to look into what we reported last night, and specifically that possibility – Brit.
HUME: So in other words, the problem wasn't lack of a warning, the problem was lack of useful details?
CAMERON: Quantity of information.
HUME: All right, Carl, thank you very much.
Israel Is Spying In And On The United States?
Carl Cameron Investigates
Part 3 of 4
HUME: Last time we reported
on an Israeli-based company called Amdocs Ltd. that generates the computerized records and billing data for nearly every phone
call made in America. As Carl Cameron reported, U.S. investigators digging into the 9/11 terrorist attacks fear that suspects
may have been tipped off to what they were doing by information leaking out of Amdocs.
In tonight's report, we
learn that the concern about phone security extends to another company, founded in Israel, that provides the technology that
the U.S. government uses for electronic eavesdropping. Here is Carl Cameron's third report.
CARL CAMERON, FOX NEWS CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The company is Comverse Infosys, a subsidiary of an Israeli-run
private telecommunications firm, with offices throughout the U.S. It provides wiretapping equipment for law enforcement. Here's
how wiretapping works in the U.S.
Every time you make a call, it passes through the nation's elaborate
network of switchers and routers run by the phone companies. Custom computers and software, made by companies like Comverse,
are tied into that network to intercept, record and store the wiretapped calls, and at the same time transmit them to investigators.
The manufacturers have continuing access to the computers so they can service them and keep them free of glitches.
This process was authorized by the 1994 Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, or CALEA. Senior government officials
have now told Fox News that while CALEA made wiretapping easier, it has led to a system that is seriously vulnerable to compromise,
and may have undermined the whole wiretapping system.
Indeed, Fox News has learned that Attorney General
John Ashcroft and FBI Director Robert Mueller were both warned Oct. 18 in a hand-delivered letter from 15 local, state and
federal law enforcement officials, who complained that "law enforcement's current electronic surveillance capabilities
are less effective today than they were at the time CALEA was enacted."
Congress insists the equipment
it installs is secure. But the complaint about this system is that the wiretap computer programs made by Comverse have, in
effect, a back door through which wiretaps themselves can be intercepted by unauthorized parties.
to the suspicions is the fact that in Israel, Comverse works closely with the Israeli government, and under special programs,
gets reimbursed for up to 50 percent of its research and development costs by the Israeli Ministry of Industry and Trade.
But investigators within the DEA, INS and FBI have all told Fox News that to pursue or even suggest Israeli spying through
Comverse is considered career suicide.
And sources say that while various F.B.I. inquiries into Comverse
have been conducted over the years, they've been halted before the actual equipment has ever been thoroughly tested for leaks.
A 1999 F.C.C. document indicates several government agencies expressed deep concerns that too many unauthorized non-law enforcement
personnel can access the wiretap system. And the FBI's own nondescript office in Chantilly, Virginia that actually oversees
the CALEA wiretapping program, is among the most agitated about the threat.
But there is a bitter turf
war internally at F.B.I. It is the FBI's office in Quantico, Virginia, that has jurisdiction over awarding contracts and buying
intercept equipment. And for years, they've thrown much of the business to Comverse. A handful of former U.S. law enforcement
officials involved in awarding Comverse government contracts over the years now work for the company.
sources say some of those individuals were asked to leave government service under what knowledgeable sources call "troublesome
circumstances" that remain under administrative review within the Justice Department.
And what troubles investigators most, particularly in New York, in the counter terrorism investigation of the World
Trade Center attack, is that on a number of cases, suspects that they had sought to wiretap and survey immediately changed
their telecommunications processes. They started acting much differently as soon as those supposedly secret wiretaps went
into place – Brit.
HUME: Carl, is there any reason to suspect in this instance that the Israeli government
CAMERON: No, there's not. But there are growing instincts in an awful lot of law enforcement
officials in a variety of agencies who suspect that it had begun compiling evidence, and a highly classified investigation
into that possibility – Brit.
HUME: All right, Carl. Thanks very much.
Fox News Network
Israel Is Spying In And On The United States?
Carl Cameron Investigates
Part 4 of 4
Monday 17 December 2001
TONY SNOW, HOST: This week, senior
correspondent Carl Cameron has reported on a longstanding government espionage investigation. Federal officials this year
have arrested or detained nearly 200 Israeli citizens suspected of belonging to an "organized intelligence-gathering
operation." The Bush administration has deported most of those arrested after Sept. 11, although some are in custody
under the new anti-terrorism law.
Cameron also investigates the possibility that an Israeli firm generated
billing data that could be used for intelligence purpose, and describes concerns that the federal government's own wiretapping
system may be vulnerable. Tonight, in part four of the series, we'll learn about the probable roots of the probe: a drug case
that went bad four years ago in L.A.
CARL CAMERON, FOX NEWS CORRESPONDENT
(voice-over): Los Angeles, 1997, a major local, state and federal drug investigating sours. The suspects: Israeli organized
crime with operations in New York, Miami, Las Vegas, Canada, Israel and Egypt. The allegations: cocaine and ecstasy trafficking,
and sophisticated white-collar credit card and computer fraud.
The problem: according to classified law
enforcement documents obtained by Fox News, the bad guys had the cops’ beepers, cell phones, even home phones under
surveillance. Some who did get caught admitted to having hundreds of numbers and using them to avoid arrest.
"This compromised law enforcement communications between LAPD detectives and other assigned law enforcement officers
working various aspects of the case. The organization discovered communications between organized crime intelligence division
detectives, the FBI and the Secret Service."
Shock spread from the DEA to the FBI in Washington, and
then the CIA. An investigation of the problem, according to law enforcement documents, concluded, "The organization has
apparent extensive access to database systems to identify pertinent personal and biographical information."
When investigators tried to find out where the information might have come from, they looked at Amdocs, a publicly
traded firm based in Israel. Amdocs generates billing data for virtually every call in America, and they do credit checks.
The company denies any leaks, but investigators still fear that the firm's data is getting into the wrong hands.
When investigators checked their own wiretapping system for leaks, they grew concerned about potential vulnerabilities
in the computers that intercept, record and store the wiretapped calls. A main contractor is Comverse Infosys, which works
closely with the Israeli government, and under a special grant program, is reimbursed for up to 50 percent of its research
and development costs by Israel's Ministry of Industry and Trade.
Asked this week about another sprawling
investigation and the detention of 60 Israeli since Sept. 11, the Bush administration treated the questions like hot potatoes.
ARI FLEISCHER, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: I would just refer you to the Department of Justice with that. I'm not
familiar with the report.
COLIN POWELL, SECRETARY OF STATE: I'm aware that some Israeli citizens have been
detained. With respect to why they're being detained and the other aspects of your question – whether it's because they're
in intelligence services, or what they were doing – I will defer to the Department of Justice and the FBI to answer
CAMERON: Beyond the 60 apprehended or detained, and many deported
since Sept. 11, another group of 140 Israeli individuals have been arrested and detained in this year in what government documents
describe as "an organized intelligence gathering operation," designed to "penetrate government facilities."
Most of those individuals said they had served in the Israeli military, which is compulsory there.
they also had, most of them, intelligence expertise, and either worked for Amdocs or other companies in Israel that specialize
in wiretapping. Earlier this week, the Israeli embassy in Washington denied any spying against or in the United States –
SNOW: Carl, we've heard the comments from Ari Fleischer and Colin Powell. What are officials saying
behind the scenes?
CAMERON: Well, there's real pandemonium described at the FBI, the DEA and the INS. A
lot of these problems have been well known to some investigators, many of who have contributed to the reporting on this story.
And what they say is happening is supervisors and management are now going back and collecting much of the information, because
there's tremendous pressure from the top levels of all of those agencies to find out exactly what's going on.
At the DEA and the FBI already a variety of administration reviews are under way, in addition to the investigation
of the phenomenon. They want to find out how it is all this has come out, as well as be very careful because of the explosive
nature and very political ramifications of the story itself – Tony.
SNOW: All right, Carl, thanks.
© 2001 FOX News.
and Hearing Isn’t Believing
William M. Arkin
Monday, 1 February 1999
"Gentlemen! We have called you together
to inform you that we are going to overthrow the United States government." So begins a statement
being delivered by Gen. Carl W. Steiner, former Commander-in-chief, U.S. Special Operations Command.
At least the voice sounds amazingly like him.
But it is not Steiner. It
is the result of voice "morphing" technology developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico.
By taking just a 10-minute digital
recording of Steiner's voice, scientist George Papcun is able, in near real time, to clone speech patterns and develop an
accurate facsimile. Steiner was so impressed, he asked for a copy of the tape.
Steiner was hardly the first or last victim to
be spoofed by Papcun's team members. To refine their method, they took various high quality recordings
of generals and experimented with creating fake statements. One of the most memorable is Colin Powell stating
"I am being treated well by my captors."
"They chose to have him say something he would never otherwise have said," chuckled one of Papcun's colleagues.
Americans were introduced to the tricks of the digital age in the movie Forrest Gump, when the character played by Tom Hanks
appeared to shake hands with President Kennedy.
For Hollywood, it is special effects. For covert operators in the U.S. military and intelligence
agencies, it is a weapon of the future.
"Once you can take any kind of information and reduce it into ones and zeros, you can do some pretty interesting
things," says Daniel T. Kuehl, chairman of the Information Operations department of the National Defense University in
Washington, the military's school for information warfare.
Digital morphing — voice, video, and photo — has come of age, available
for use in psychological operations. PSYOPS, as the military calls it, seek to exploit human vulnerabilities
in enemy governments, militaries and populations to pursue national and battlefield objectives.
To some, PSYOPS is a backwater military discipline
of leaflet dropping and radio propaganda. To a growing group of information war technologists, it is the nexus of fantasy
and reality. Being able to manufacture convincing audio or video, they say, might be the difference in a successful military
operation or coup.
Pentagon planners started to discuss digital morphing after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990. Covert
operators kicked around the idea of creating a computer-faked videotape of Saddam Hussein crying or showing other such manly
weaknesses, or in some sexually compromising situation. The nascent plan was for the tapes to be flooded
into Iraq and the Arab world.
The tape war never proceeded, killed, participants say, by bureaucratic fights over jurisdiction, skepticism over
the technology, and concerns raised by Arab coalition partners.
But the "strategic" PSYOPS scheming didn't
die. What if the U.S. projected a holographic image of Allah floating over Baghdad urging the Iraqi people
and Army to rise up against Saddam, a senior Air Force officer asked in 1990?
According to a military physicist given the task of looking into the hologram idea,
the feasibility had been established of projecting large, three-dimensional objects that appeared to float in the air.
But doing so over the skies of
Iraq? To project such a hologram over Baghdad on the order of several hundred feet, they calculated, would
take a mirror more than a mile square in space, as well as huge projectors and power sources.
And besides, investigators came back, what does
Allah look like?
Gulf War hologram story might be dismissed were it not the case that washingtonpost.com has learned that a super secret program
was established in 1994 to pursue the very technology for PSYOPS application. The "Holographic Projector"
is described in a classified Air Force document as a system to "project information power from space ... for special
operations deception missions."
Voice-morphing? Fake video? Holographic projection? They
sound more like Mission Impossible and Star Trek gimmicks than weapons. Yet for each, there are corresponding
and growing research efforts as the technologies improve and offensive information warfare expands.
Whereas early voice morphing required cutting and
pasting speech to put letters or words together to make a composite, Papcun's software developed at Los Alamos can far more
accurately replicate the way one actually speaks. Eliminated are the robotic intonations.
The irony is that after Papcun
finished his speech cloning research, there were no takers in the military. Luckily for him, Hollywood
is interested: The promise of creating a virtual Clark Gable is mightier than the sword.
Video and photo manipulation has
already raised profound questions of authenticity for the journalistic world. With audio joining the mix,
it is not only journalists but also privacy advocates and the conspiracy-minded who will no doubt ponder the worrisome mischief
that lurks in the not too distant future.
"We already know that seeing isn't necessarily believing," says Dan Kuehl, "now I guess hearing isn't
1999 The Washington Post Company